Webbing is the foundation of all upholstery. It supports the body weight on seating and provides a base from which to build.
Steel springs provide comfort and flexibility. Hand sewn to the webbing and then lashed in place to form a sprung unit.
12 oz hessian is tacked over the sprung unit and then hand sewn to each individual spring. Looped bridle ties provide anchorage for the horse hair stuffing.
Horse hair is the traditional stuffing material, removed from antique furniture, washed, dried and reused. The modern equivalent is a fireproofed vegetable fibre.
A sewn rolled edge provides a firm and durable edge and shape to the horse hair stuffing.
A mix of pure cotton and wool wadding completes the stuffing process before calico is attached, completing the upholstery process. The furniture is now ready for the top material to be applied.